This page last updated: 14 June 2018


::: Island of Hawaii Postmarks, Part 4 - Olaa to Waipio :::

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Volcano House 213 90 - Nov 23 entire


This cover to Denver, CO, originated at Volcano House where it was franked with a Hawaii 5¢ Scott No. 39 stamp, marked with a Volcano House red oval Kilauea Crater postmark type 213 (the only recorded cover with this rarity 1R mark) and canceled with the Volcano House red straight line postmark, type 204. The cover went overland to Hilo where it received a purple Hilo type 253.02 postmark and four ring target cancel (ring4-20) on November 23, 1890. From Hilo, it went by interisland steamship to Honolulu where it was postmarked on November 25 (type 231.82) and sent by steamship to San Francisco and thence to Colorado by rail.

Olaa, Puna District
"dedicated"
1894-1900
Postmasters: J. R. Wilson (1894-1898) and J. W. Mason (1898-1900). The community of Olaa where the post office was located has disappeared from the maps and internet references point to the former name of present day Keaau. However, the 19th century Olaa post office was located in a booming coffee district a little southwest of present-day Kurtistown on the carriage road from Hilo to Volcano House. Construction of the macadamized carriage road, known as Volcano Road, was commenced in 1889 and completed in 1894.

J. R. Wilson, the postmaster for Olaa, owned Volcano Stables in Hilo and was the contractor for mail south of Hilo, including the Puna and Ka'u districts. Beginning in August, 1893, Wilson operated a daily stage between Hilo and Volcano House. Tourists taking the carriage to see the volcano could stop for refreshments at a “half-way house” located at Olaa. A hotel, located a few miles west at Mountain View (see Mountain View) was another stop for refreshments or an over-night stay. Wilson owned the half-way house and the hotel.

In the mid to late 1890s, Olaa and Mountain View were part of a Volcano Road “postal service” managed by Wilson who kept Postmaster General Oat and Hilo postmaster Severance apprised of how he managed mail distribution at the places where he left mail. He also picked up mail left at distribution sites and carried it back to Hilo or Olaa to be postmarked. Rather than formal appointments for local postmasters, Wilson’s commission as Olaa postmaster was seen as covering the route and he was left to use his best judgment. Correspondence describing Wilson’s arrangements along Volcano Road sometimes fuse Olaa and Mountain View. It seems that when Wilson began his carriage service to Volcano House, he left mail in boxes for local coffee planters living along the route and also left mail at Richardson’s store in Mountain View and then at his hotel. He made his hotel manager at Mountain View, A.E. Sutton, his Mountain View postmaster. Wilson suggested giving Sutton a commission as postmaster, but Oat decided to leave Wilson as postmaster (thus Wilson’s Olaa commission was seen as covering the route). Wilson left the affairs of the Olaa post office in charge of J.R. Ryan, the manager of Olaa store. Wilson left the area in 1897, John Mason, a local coffee planter who lived about ¼ of a mile from the Mountain View hotel where he had been looking after the mail since 1894, was put in charge as postmaster of Olaa and Mountain View.

Olaa Sugar Company came along in 1899 and built a mill near the junction of the Volcano Road and Pahoa Road a few miles northeast of the Olaa store. Sugar plantations replaced coffee trees and a new Olaa village grew around the mill. The Olaa Plantation post office was set up next to the mill at the Olaa terminus of the Hilo Consolidated Railway. A post office was established in the new village near the mill and named Keaau.


Olaa location

Location of Olaa.
For overland route and map details see
Overland Mail Routes - Island of Hawaii Routes and Maps of Hawaii - Island of Hawaii.


Olaa 253_01 99 - Jul 28 entire Likelike Coffee

Cover bearing the Likelike Coffee Plantation corner card and postmarked at Olaa on July 28, 1899 with Olaa postmark type 253.9a1.

801
manuscript
Olaa
Rarity: 1RRR
Usage: c. 1894
Noted on Scott No. 75

Olaa 801 Ashford

Olaa manuscript
(Courtesy of Bear Stamps)

803
manuscript
Olaa/date
Rarity: 1R
Usage: May 25, 1894 to July 9, 1894
Noted on Scott No. 75

Olaa 803 94 - May 25

May 25, 1894

Olaa 803 94 - May 25 retroreveal

May 25, 1894
(retroreveal enhanced)

809
manuscript
Olaa/jm
Rarity: 1RRRR
Usage: c. 1894
Noted on Scott No. 75

Olaa 809 ms

Olaa 809 ms

Olaa 809 detail retroreveal

Olaa 809 ms detail
(retroreveal enhanced)

281.9a13
31mm double lined outer circle and single lined inner circle; with a duplex target cancel
Color: Purple, Green, Black, Red
Scarcity: 3
Usage: July __, 1894 to January 15, 1898
The device was broken in 1897 and a horizontal date was improvised. The device was repaired by January, 1898.
I have black on September, 1894, purple on November 3, 1894, green from April 10, 1896 to February 17, 1897 and purple again in later strikes.

Olaa 281_9a13 94 - Sep 13 black

September 13, 1894, black


Olaa 281_013 96 - Jan 21

January 21, 1896


Olaa 281_013 96 - Jan 21 retroreveal

January 21, 1896
(retroreveal enhanced)


Olaa 281_013 21Dec96

December 21, 1896
(Courtesy of Gary Peters)


Olaa 281_013 97 - Feb 17 green

February 17, 1897, Green


Olaa 281_9a13 87 - _ 27

__, 27, 1897
Broken device with horizontal dater


Olaa 281_013 4Jan98

January 4, 1898
(Courtesy of Don Collins)

253.9a1
27mm double lined circle; with duplex target cancel; later strikes have single lined circles
Color: Purple, Blue
Scarcity: 3
Usage: April 20, 1898 to May __, 1900
I have a very bluish mark dated October 21, 1898.

Olaa 253_91a 98 -Apr 20

April 20, 1898 (EDU)
double lined outer circle


Olaa 253_91a 98 - Oct 21

October 21, 1898
Blue


Olaa 253_9a1 98 - Dec 6

December 6, 1898


Olaa 253_9a1 98 - Dec 6 retroreveal

December 6, 1898
(retroreveal enhanced)


Olaa 252_9a1 99 - Jul 28 detail

July 28, 1898

Olaa Plantation, Puna District
1898-1900
Postmaster: F. B. McStocker. In 1899, stamp sales were about $60.
This post office was located at the Olaa terminus of the Hawaiian Consolidated Railway, by the junction of Volcano Road and Pahoa Road (see Olaa for a description of the different post offices around Olaa/Keaau and along Volcano Road from Hilo to Volcano House.


Olaa Plantation location

Location of Olaa Plantation.
For overland route and map details see
Overland Mail Routes - Island of Hawaii Routes and Maps of Hawaii - Island of Hawaii.

259.01
33mm double lined circle
Color: Purple, Blue
Scarcity: 2
Usage: April __, 1898 to December 28, 1900
Blue is dated in September, 1899.

Olaa Plantation 99 - Sep _2, blue

September _2, 1899, blue


Olaa Plantation 259_01 99 - Sep 16

September 15, 1899


Olaa Plantation 259_01 99 - Sep 16 retroreveal

September 15, 1899
(retroreveal enhanced)


Olaa Plantation 99 - Nov 30 purple

November 30, 1899, purple


Olaa Plantation 259_01 00 - Mar 9 Gary detail

March 9, 1900
(Courtesy of Gary Peters)


Olaa Plantation 259_01 00 - Mar 9 Gary detail retroreveal

March 9, 1900
(Courtesy of Gary Peters)
(retroreveal enhanced)


Olaa Plantation 259_01 00 - Nov 9 Peters

November 9, 1900
(Courtesy of Gary Peters)

Onomea, South Hilo District
"something palatable"
1857-1866
Site of the Papaikou office once that office was established. Whether an office existed here as early as 1857 is unclear, but fifteen sheets of Scott No. 31a were sent there in 1864-1865, confirming it was a recognized office in those years.
No postmark known.

Onouli, South Kona District
"dark ono fish"
1863-1869
See Hudsonville for a description of the post offices in Onouli.
No postmark known.

Ookala, Hamakua District
"sharp digging stick"
1883-1900
Postmasters: J. H. Soper (1883-1884), J. N. Wright (1884-1889), J. B. Hopkins (1889-1892), Richard Ivers (1892-1895) and W. G. Walker (1898-1900). Ookala was the headquarters for Ookala Sugar Company and Kaiwiki Plantation. The post office was located at the Ookala Sugar Company office. Soper was a sugar planter associated with the Ookala Sugar Company, Wright was the manager of Ookala Sugar Company and a proprietor and manager of Kaiwiki Sugar Company; Walker was manager of Ookala Sugar Company; Hopkins and Ivers probably also were associated with that plantation. Mail volume was about 2,500 to 3,000 letters annually from 1887 to 1894. Stamp sales in 1899 amounted to about $215.


Ookala location

Location of Ookala.
For overland route and map details see
Overland Mail Routes - Island of Hawaii Routes and Maps of Hawaii - Island of Hawaii.

253.41
27mm double lined circle
Color: Purple, Black
Scarcity: 4
Usage: October 3, 1883 to August __, 1895
The device was worn and new date type was ordered in December, 1889. The new type protruded from the body of the stamp and caused the mark to be illegible but the postmaster made it work. In April, 1895, the postmaster again complained about the worn condition.
I have black strikes in September, 1890.

Ookala 253_41 84 - Jul 25

July 25, 1884


Ookala 253_41 84 - Jul 25 retroreveal

July 25, 1884
(retroreveal enhanced)


Ookala 253_41 90 - Sep 1

September 1, 1890, black


Ookala 253_41 93 - Jul 8

July 6, 1893


Ookala 253_41 93 - Jul 8 OFF retroreveal

July 6, 1893
(retroreveal enhanced)

259.023
33mm double lined circle
Color: Purple, Black
Scarcity: 3
Usage: August __, 1895 to March __, 1900; a strike dated January 8, 1894 is believed to be an 1896 strike, dated erroneously. I have black strikes in January, 1896.

Ookala 259_023 94 - Jan 8

January 8, 1894 (1896)

Ookala 259_023 96 - Jan 27

January 27, 1896, black

Ookala Plantation
Located at Ookala. The Ookala Plantation oval mark was used by the plantation before the Ookala post office was formally established at the plantation headquarters.

216
single lined inner and outer ovals, 27mm x 25mm
Color: Black, Blue
Rarity: 1RRRR, three strikes are recorded (two strikes are on Scott No. 35 and one strike is on Scott No. 38).
Usage: September 24, 1880 to November 23, 1883
This mark appears to have been used as an Ookala postmark before the post office there was opened formally.

Ookala Plantation 80 - Sep 24

September 24, 1880


Ookala Plantation 80 - Sep 24 retroreveal

September 24, 1880
(retroreveal enhanced)


81 - Jan 27

January 27, 1881


81 - Jan 27 retroreveal

January 27, 1881
(retroreveal enhanced)


Ookala Plantation 216 83 - Nov 23 Decker rotated

November 23, 1883
(Courtesy of Barry Decker)


Ookala Plantation 216 83 - Nov 23 Decker 1200 rotated retroreveal

November 23, 1883
(Courtesy of Barry Decker)
(retroreveal enhanced)

Paauhau, Hamakua District
"tribute yard"
1883-1887
Postmaster: Rufus A. Lyman, a sugar planter in Paauhau. Mrs. Lyman was the daughter of former Postmaster General Brickwood. Headquarters for Paauhau Sugar Co. and site of the original Hamakua post office. Lyman was looking after postal affairs here as early as 1880 when he was asked to arrange for mail delivery to Waipio Valley. Stamps were sent to him in January, 1880. The post office was located on the same premises as the former Hamakua post office. The Paauhau office was closed in 1887 because of its proximity to Honokaa.


Paauhau store

Paauhau Store and Post Office, c. early 1900s; this building probably was built too late to serve in the 19th century as Paauhau’s post office, but the style is typical of 19th century post offices connected to country stores. Not the post office lock boxes that were a usual part of the 19th century country post offices. The photograph is undated.


Paauhau location

Location of Paauhau.
For overland route and map details see
Overland Mail Routes - Island of Hawaii Routes and Maps of Hawaii - Island of Hawaii.

803
manuscript
Paauhau/date
Rarity: 1RRR
Usage: August __ to September 11, 1883
Noted on Scott No. 38
Burt (Western Express, June, 2001, p. 55) recorded a strike dated September 11, 1883.

Paauhau ms - Peters

(Courtesy of Gary Peters)

Paauhau 801 ms __ - Aug __ - Peters retroreveal

(Courtesy of Gary Peters)
(retroreveal enhanced)

807
manuscript
P.P.O./date/year
Rarity: 1RRRR, two strikes recorded
Usage: January 26, 1883 to July 20, 1883
Noted on Scott No. UX1 with a Paauhau dateline and also on Scott No. 38

Paauhau ms PPO- detail Kay

(Courtesy of Phil Kay)

Paauhau 804 PPO ms 83 - Jan 26 - detail Kay retroreveal

(Courtesy of Phil Kay)
(retroreveal enhanced)

Paauhau 804 PPO ms 83 - Jul 20 on No. 38

July 20, 1883

Paauhau 804 PPO ms 83 - Jul 20 on No. 38 retroreveal

July 20, 1883
(retroreveal enhanced)

253.41
27mm double lined circle
Color: Purple, Black
Rarity: 1RRR, ten strikes recorded
Usage: December 24, 1885 to March 3, 1887
Black noted October 28, 1886 and January 28, 1887.

Paauhau 253_41 - 86 - Jan 21

January 21, 1886, purple


Paauhau 253_41 - 86 - Jan 21 1200 retroreveal

January 21, 1886
(retroreveal enhanced)


Paauhau 253_41 87 - Mar 3 LDU

March 3, 1887, black

Paauilo, Hamakua District
"low grade kapa"
1883-1900
Postmasters: R. Robinson (1859), Chas. Notley (1883-1884), H. Zerbe (1884-1887), J. R. Renton (1888-1898), Geo. Paty (acting October, 1889), Podmore (acting 1896-1898) and Anthony Lidgate (1898-1900). The brief 1859 post office under Robinson was discontinued because the Hamakua and Laupahoehoe post offices were deemed adequate for the region; the Paauilo records and post office property were transferred to Hamakua and Paauilo was left without a post office. Sugar planting arrived at Paauilo in 1883 when the Hamakua Mill Company was incorporated. The post office was re-opened that year; the mill opened in 1885. Notley, the new postmaster, managed Hamakua Plantation Company. Postmasters Renton, Paty, Podmore and Lidgate also managed the Paauilo store, where the post office was located. At least from Renton forward, the postmasters were affiliated with Hamakua Mill Company. Around 1899, the two companies combined. Mail volume was about 5,000 letters in 1887 and about 6,000 to 7,500 letters annually from 1888 to 1894, including about 375 registered letters annually. Stamp sales in 1899 were about $600.


Paauilo 202 98 - Nov 8 entire

Postmarked at Paauilo with style 202 and at Kukuihaele on November 8, 1898, type 281.02. Picked up by the Kawaihae to Hilo via Hamakua overland carrier at Kukuihaele and taken to Hilo (stamped November 9, 1898 on the reverse, Hilo type 271.035). Mail picked up along the overland route was carried in an unlocked bag. The carrier may have spent the night at Paauilo and taken the mail to the post office for safe keeping, as was often the case.


Paauilo location

Location of Paauilo.
For overland route and map details see
Overland Mail Routes - Island of Hawaii Routes and Maps of Hawaii - Island of Hawaii.

803
manuscript
Paauilo/date
Rarity: 1RRR
This listing is tentative. Burns wrote: “Manuscript “Paauilo/Aug” on the 1864 issue. That manuscript is recorded on Scott No. 38, actually, and is attributed to Paauhau (but could have been from Paauilo). A confirmed Paauilo manuscript postmark is not recorded.”

No image available.

281.013
30mm double lined outer circle and single lined inner circle
Color: Purple, Blue, Black
Estimated: 6
Usage: September __, 1883 to __, 1894 (noted without date on Scott No. 75)
Early strikes are in blue and purple strikes are later. The “black” strikes I have seen so far are purplish black.

Paauilo 281_013 86 - Feb 2 blue

February 3, 1886, blue


Paauilo 281_013 88 - May 5 purple

May 5, 1888, purple


Paauilo 281_013 89 - __ 16 black

__, 16, 1889, black

282.011
33mm double lined outer circle and single lined inner circle
Color: Purple, Red, Black
Estimated: 7
Usage: October __, 1890 to October 13, 1898
The cancel stamp was worn, with the rubber falling off the metal disc and was lost on October 30, 1898. The postmaster glued the rubber to the disc sometime in 1896 to attempt a repair, but it fell apart again in 1898. A makeshift arrangement was adopted with type 202 to provide a date.
Red strikes I have seen are dated in 1893.

Paauilo 282_011 93 - Apr 17

April 17, 1893


Paauilo 282_011 93 - Apr 17 retroreveal

April 17, 1893
(retroreveal enhanced)


Paauilo 282_011 96 - Oct 10

October 10, 1896


Paauilo 282_011 __ - Dec 8 red

December 8, __, red


Paauilo 282_011 black 75

black ink


Paauilo 282.011 __ - Nov 8 and 202

Hybrid, November 8, __; this strike combines a date made with slugs from the type 282.011 device and postmark type 202.

202
straightline
Color: Black
Scarcity 2, twenty-nine strikes recorded, most showing a small portion of the mark
Usage: November 8, 1898
This locally constructed mark was considered a private mark (Davey/Bash type 609) for Paauilo Plantation but the Post Office correspondence shows the mark was used as a postmark by the Paauilo office.
One strike is noted with date slugs removed from the broken type 282.011 (See the hybrid mark shown with type 282.011 date slugs) device. Type 202 was used after type 282.011 fell apart.

Paauilio 202 98 - Nov 8 detail

On cover with Kukuihaele postmark dated
November 8, 1898

203
straightline
Color: Black Black
Rarity: 1RR, eleven strikes recorded
Usage: November 8, 1898 – November 25, 1898
This mark was considered a private mark (Davey/Bash type 610) for Paauilo Plantation but the Post Office correspondence shows the mark was used as a postmark by the Paauilo office.
This locally made device apparently was discarded in favor of staying with type 202 because type 203 made poor impressions.

Paauilo 203 98 - Nov 9 pair

November 9, 1898


Paauilo 203 98 - Nov 9 pair retroreveal

November 9, 1898
(retroreveal enhanced)


Paauilo 203 98 - Nov 9

November 9, 1898


Paauilo 203 98 - Nov 9 retroreveal

November 9, 1898
(retroreveal enhanced)


Paauilo 203 9_ - Nov 2_ ex-Davey

November 2_, __

253.01
27mm double lined circle; later strikes have single lined circles
Color: Purple
Estimated: 6
Usage: January __, 1899 to April __, 1900

Paauilo 253_01 99 - Mar 9

March 9, 1899
double lined circle


Paauilo 253_01 99 - Sep 20

September 20, 1899
single lined circle


Paauilo 253_01 00 - Feb 10, ex-Davey

February 10, 1900
hybrid with dater from some other device


Paauilo 253_01 99 - Mar 10 black

March 10, 1899
black

259.01
33mm double lined circle
Color: Purple, Blue
Rarity: 1RR, nine strikes are recorded
Usage: April __, 1900 to May 25, 1900

Paauilo 259_01 00 - Apr 13 on piece – Kay

April 13, 1900, blue
(Courtesy of Phil Kay)


Paauilo 259_01 00 May 4

May 4, 1900, purple


Paauilo 259_01 00 May 4 retroreveal

May 4, 1900
(retroreveal enhanced)

Pahala, Ka'u District
"fertilizer plant" as in burnt mulch
1878-1900
Postmasters: George Wilfong (1878-1879) and Thomas C. Mills (1879-1900). Pahala was headquarters for Hawaiian Agricultural Company, a cooperative style sugar plantation established in 1876, with numerous individual growers and a mill at Pahala. Steamships stopped at Punaluu landing and, starting in 1891, carriages ran from there via Pahala to Volcano House and competed for tourist business with the Hilo to Volcano House road. Mail service was by steamships landing mail at Punaluu or by overland carrier from Hilo. Mail volume averaged about 3,500 to 4,000 letters annually from 1887 to 1894. Stamp sales in 1899 amounted to about $425.


Pahala location

Location of Pahala.
For overland route and map details see
Overland Mail Routes - Island of Hawaii Routes and Maps of Hawaii - Island of Hawaii.

281.01 (I)
30mm double lined outer circle and single lined inner circle
Color: Purple, Blue, Black
Estimated: 6
Usage: September __, 1882 to December 10, 1896
I have black strikes dated from March 3, 1884 to June 1, 1884 plus an October date, blue on May 5, 1886 and February 2, 1887 and purple thereafter.

Pahala 281_01(I) 96 - Jan 22

January 22, 1896, purple


Pahala 281_01(I) 96 - Jan 22 retroreveal

January 22, 1896
(retroreveal enhanced)


Pahala 281_01(I) 87 - Feb 2 blue

February 2, 1887, blue


Pahala 281_01(I) 84 - Mar 3

March 3, 1884, black

253.01
27mm double lined circle; later strikes have single lined circles
Color: Purple
Scarcity: 3
Usage: March 4, 1897 to November __, 1898

Pahala 253_01 97 - May 27

May 27, 1897

281.01 (II)
30mm double lined outer circle and single lined inner circle
Color: Purple
Scarcity: 3
Usage: February 4, 1898 to July 29, 1900 under U. S. Administration

Pahala 281_01(II) 99 - Feb 19

February 19, 1898


Pahala 281_01(II) 99 - Feb 19 retroreveal

February 19, 1898
(retroreveal enhanced)

Papa, South Kona District
"forbidden"
1875-1900
Unofficial letter collection box and meeting point for overland carriers between Ka'u and Kona; site of the Buckholtz Plantation, inland and northeast of Hoopuloa.
No postmark known.


Papa location

Location of Papa.
For overland route and map details see
Overland Mail Routes - Island of Hawaii Routes and Maps of Hawaii - Island of Hawaii.


Papa 97 - Nov 17

Postal card (UX8) datelined at Buckholtz Plantation, Papa, November 17, 1897, and sent to Hilo by the overland carrier via Waiohinu (type 259.03 dated November 20, 1897) and Pahala (type 253.01, dated November 21, 1897).


Papa 98 - Nov 18

Cover forwarded to Papa from Honolulu (type 231.82 dated November 18, 1898, franked with a vertical pair of 2¢ Liliuokalani stamps (Scott No. 57).

Papaaloa, North Hilo District
"much burnt"
1899-1900
Postmaster: A. C. Palfrey (1899-1900). Laupahoehoe Plantation moved its headquarters from Laupahoehoe to Papaaloa in 1889. Many residents of the “Hill” section of Laupahoehoe moved with it and agitated for a new post office at Paauilo. Barnard, the Laupahoehoe postmaster opposed the idea and it took ten years before a post office was established at Papaaloa. Palfrey, the postmaster, was employed by the plantation. Stamp sales in 1899 were about $680.


Papaaloa location

Location of Papaaloa.
For overland route and map details see
Overland Mail Routes - Island of Hawaii Routes and Maps of Hawaii - Island of Hawaii.

253.01
27mm double lined circle; later strikes have single lined circles
Color: Purple, Black, Red
Rarity: 1RR, twelve strikes recorded
Usage: March 3, 1899 to May 11, 1900
Red is noted on May 11, 1900
This mark was mistakenly typed as 255.01, but its size makes it 253.01.

Papaaloa 253_01 99 - Mar 31

March 31, 1899, purple


Papaaloa 253_01 00 - Apr 25

April 25, 1900, red

Papaikou, South Hilo District
"Ko'u huts"
1896-1900
Postmasters: G. E. Thrum (1896-1898), H. L. Achilles (1898-1899) and J. H. Bole (1899). Site of Onomea Plantation with a landing. The post office was in the plantation office and the postmasters were employed by the plantation. Mail service was by overland carrier to nearby Hilo. Stamp sales in 1899 were about $70.


Papaikou location

Location of Papaikou.
For overland route and map details see
Overland Mail Routes - Island of Hawaii Routes and Maps of Hawaii - Island of Hawaii.

255.01
29mm double lined circle
Color: Purple, Black, Red
Scarcity: 2
Usage: April 25, 1896 to May 26, 1900
Twenty-nine strikes are recorded in the census. The earlier downgrade to 4 seems harsh, the rarity is changed to 2. My feeling is that it is more common than a 1R.
I have purple strikes from April 25, 1896 to May, 1897, black from October 7, 1897 to at least May 26, 1900.

Papaikou 255_01 97 - Dec 25

December 25, 1897


Papaikou 255_01 97 - Dec 25 retroreveal

December 25, 1897
(retroreveal enhanced)

Paukaa, South Hilo District
"consumed"
1888-1900
There was some sort of mail facility here, probably a collection box for the overland carrier.
No postmark known.

Pepeekeo, Hilo District
"food crushed" – as by warriors in battle
1888-1900
This is another mystery facility, an unofficial letter collection place.
No postmark known.

Pohoiki, Puna District
"small hollow"
1893-1900
Postmaster: Mrs. R. Rycroft (1893-1900). This office was the first to be located in the Puna District. Stamp sales were about $80 in 1899. Mail service was overland from Hilo.


Pohoiki location

Location of Pohoiki.
For overland route and map details see
Overland Mail Routes - Island of Hawaii Routes and Maps of Hawaii - Island of Hawaii.

281.9a1
31mm double lined outer circle and single lined inner circle; with a duplex target cancel
Color: Purple, Black, Blue
Rarity: 1RR; twelve strikes are recorded in the census
Usage: December __, 1893 to February 9, 1900
This device showed much wear by late 1898.

Pohoiki 281_9a1 94 - Jan 10

January 10, 1894, purple


Pohoiki 281_9a1 94 - Jan 10 retroreveal

January 10, 1894
(retroreveal enhanced)


Pohoiki 281_01 99 - Aug 4

August 4, 1899, blue, worn device

Puehuehu, North Kohala District
"scattered"
1880-1887
Postmasters: Jas. Richardson (1880-1881), F. L. Leslie (1881-1882), C. L. Hopkins (1882), Dr. J. Wight (1883), H. P. Wood (1883-1885), J. Haig MacKenzie (1886-1887) and Mr. Sisson (1887). The post office was located at the Star Mill railroad station near the coast, roughly north of present day Hawi. Postmasters Wight, Wood and MacKenzie, during their respective terms, also served as postmasters of the Kohala office (located at Halawa or Kapaau).


Puehuehu location

Location of Puehuehu.
For overland route and map details see
Overland Mail Routes - Island of Hawaii Routes and Maps of Hawaii - Island of Hawaii.

282.016
33mm double lined outer circle and single lined inner circle
Color: Black, Purple
Scarcity: 2, thirty strikes are recorded
Usage: August __, 1882 to December 3, 1886

Puehuehu 282_016 83 - Jun 2 black

June 2, 1883, black


Puehuehu 282_016 83 - Jun 2 black retroreveal

June 2, 1883, black
(retroreveal enhanced)


Puehuehu 282_016 85 - May 8

May 8, 1885, purple

Punaluu, Ka'u District
"scattered coral"
1890-1900
Postmasters: G. Namanu (1875-1891) and Wm. Fennell (1891-1900). The post office was near Ka'u landing used by tourists bound for Kilauea Volcano and terminus of a rail line to Pahala. Mail volume from 1890 to 1894 averaged about 1,000 letters annually. After the office was opened, there was delay in sending the dating stamp. One was supplied in September, 1891, but without date type.


PUNALUU_1891_small

Punaluu c. 1900
(Courtesy Hawaii State Archives)


PUNALUU_LANDING_small

Punaluu Landing, c. 1900
(Courtesy Hawaii State Archives)


Volcano Carriage from Punaluu archives

Punaluu carriage for Volcano House
(Courtesy Hawaii State Archives)


Punaluu location

Location of Punaluu.
For overland route and map details see
Overland Mail Routes - Island of Hawaii Routes and Maps of Hawaii - Island of Hawaii.

801
manuscript
Punaluu
Rarity: 1RRR
Noted on Scott No. 35
This manuscript could be Punaluu, Oahu.

Punaluu 801

May 25, 1894


Punaluu 801 retroreveal

May 25, 1894
(retroreveal enhanced)

281.01
31mm double lined outer circle and single lined inner circle
Color: Purple, Black, Green, Blue
Estimated: 5
Usage: October 21, 1891 to February 18, 1900
Green is noted in May, 1893, black on March 14, 1895, April 8, 1898 and February 18, 1900, blue in 1896.

Punaluu 281_01 92 - Jan 2 - Peters EKU

January 2, 1892, black
(Courtesy of Gary Peters)


Punaluu 281_01 _ 92 green

__, 1892, green


Punaluu 281_01 96 - rotated

__, 1896, blue


Punaluu 281_01 _ 96 retroreveal

__, 1896, blue
(retroreveal enhanced)


Punaluu 281_01 _ - Oct _ purple

October _, purple

Puualu, Ka'u District
"to carry on the hips or back" as supporting by the arms
1880-1882
Noted as a probable letter collection box.
No postmark known.

Volcano House, Ka'u District
1884-1894; 1898-1900
Postmasters: O.T. Shipman (1883-1885), J.H. Maby (1886-1890), Peter Lee (1890-1894; 1898) and F. Waldron (1898-1900). Shipman and Maybe, managers of the Volcano House hotel, were installed as postal agents by J.H. Wilson, who held the contract for mail carriage south of Hilo, including Puna and Ka‘u. Wilson ran a tourist stage between Hilo and Volcano House and was the postmaster at Olaa. He was authorized to establish local postal agencies to handle mail along the Volcano Road and in other places where he carried mail. Peter Lee owned the stage line between Punaluu and Volcano House and managed Volcano House.

From at least the 1860s a hut or other shelter has been at this location on the edge of the Kilauea summit crater. Mark Twain described the shelter in Letters from the Sandwich Islands (1866). George C. Jones oversaw construction of a larger building for tourists in 1877. S.G. Wilder & Co. erected a hotel at the site in 1891 and incorporated the 1877 building as a wing. In 1921, the old 1877 wing was sawed off and moved back from the edge of the crater and across the road. It still stands, used as the Volcano Art Center. In its day as the hotel, a room served as the post office and mail box cubbyholes are used as display boxes in the Art Center. The old “Dutch” door, once used as the post office counter, still opens to the porch. The move was fortunate for the old wing as the 1891 hotel burned completely in 1940 and in 1941 the present hotel was opened on a new site a bit southeast of the old site.

In 1893, the office was described as a "postal agency" with Lee as the "postal agent" as an "accommodation to tourists." During the period 1895-1897, Lee (manager of the hotel) continued to handle mail without official status. Ollie Shipman, manager of the hotel from 1883 to 1885 and John H. Maby, manager from 1885-1891, presumably preceded Lee as "postal agents." Only 89 letters were sent from here between 1890 and 1892, but 916 letters were sent from 1892 to 1894. Stamp sales in 1899 were about $45.


Volcano House location

Location of Volcano House.
For overland route and map details see
Overland Mail Routes - Island of Hawaii Routes and Maps of Hawaii - Island of Hawaii.


Volcano House 1885

Volcano House, circa 1885


Volcano House 1894

Volcano House, circa 1894, image from W.F. Davey’s album


Volcano House 1893

Volcano House, circa 1893, showing people on the porch of the old 1877 wing


Volcano House on eBay

Volcano Stage at Volcano House, circa 1890


Volcano scorching cards

scorching souvenir postcards in the volcano, Picturesque Hawaii, 1894


Scorched card 08 - Feb 26

Volcano scorched postcard, February 26, 1908


Volcano party Picturesque Hawaii, 1894

Volcano party, Picturesque Hawaii, 1894


Volcano House bolt 72 - Jul 15

early cover mailed to Honolulu from Volcano House in 1872 by manager W.C. Jones, with the unique “bolt” cancel attributed to Volcano House

213
oval
VOLCANO in arc above/
HOUSE
The center of this mark is a sketch, said to be based on a Harper’s Weekly image, of ash or lava erupting from the crater.
Color: Purple, Red, Black
Rarity: 1RRR, 10 strikes recorded
Usage: 1888-1890

Volcano House 213

The crater scene depicted in this Harper’s Weekly sketch is said to be the basis for the sketch in postmark 213.


Volcano House 213 on piece

black


Volcano House 213 - 90 - Nov 23 – Peters

November 23, 1890, red


Volcano House 213 – red

purple

204 (MH #612)
straightline
VOLCANO HOUSE.
Color: Black, Red
Rarity: 1RR, twelve strikes recorded
Usage: August 3, 1888 to November 23, 1890

Volcano House 204 black ex-Davey

ex-Davey, black


Volcano House 204 - 90 - Nov 25 – Peters

November 23, 1890, red


Volcano House 204 83 - Mar 15 detail

March 15, 1883, blue
(Courtesy of The Philatelic Foundation)

218
oval, 42mm x 26mm
John Maby/
Volcano House/
Hawaii

Color: red
Rarity: 1RRRR, one strike is recorded on a UX2 sent by a tourist to Sydney, New South Wales, with Volcano House dateline of January 28, 1890.
Usage: January 28, 1890
Maby used the crater scene mark (213), the straightline mark (204) and this mark to indicate the originating post office.

Volcano House 218 90 - jan 28 entire UX2

Oval mark 218 on UX2 dated January 28, 1890 at Volcano House and sent to Sydney, New South Wales via Hilo and Honolulu. The PAID ALL oval was used on Australasia mail during the UPU Period.


Volcano House 218 90 - Jan 28 detail

January 28, 1890


Volcano House 218 90 - Jan 28 detail1 BMust enhanced copy

January 28, 1890
(contrast enhanced by Robert Mustacich)

281.01
30mm double lined outer circle and single lined inner circle
Color: Purple
Rarity: 1RR, eleven strikes recorded
Usage: June 29. 1892 to August _, 1892
The device was returned to Honolulu on October 9, 1894 as the office was being closed.

Volcano House 281_01 92 - Jun 29 Peters

Volcano House type 281.01 on cover dated June 29, 1892, the earliest documented use of the mark (LDU) franked with Scott No. 39 and sent to New York City via Hilo and Honolulu.


Volcano House 281_01 92 - Jun 29 detail

June 29, 1892, EDU


Volcano House 281_01 92 - Jun 29 detail retroreveal

June 29, 1892, EDU
(retroreveal enhanced)


Volcano House 281_01 94 - Jul 17

July 17, 1894


Volcano House 281_01 94 - Jul 17 detail retroreveal

July 17, 1894
(retroreveal enhanced)

281.02
30mm double lined outer circle and single lined inner circle
Color: Purple
Estimated: 5
Usage: November 18, 1898 to June __, 1900
The date stamp was received in October, 1898, but without the dates.

Volcano House 281_02 99 - May 24

May 24, 1899


Volcano House 281_02 99 - May 24 retroreveal

May 24, 1899
(retroreveal enhanced)


Volcano House 281_02 98 - Nov 18 Camp Waiakea

Volcano House 281.02 cancelling a soldier’s letter. On November 8, 1899, a contingent from the U.S. Army garrison in Honolulu was sent to the Big Island to establish a small, short-lived, garrison at Waiakea, on the outskirts of Hilo (See “Soldiers Mail: 1898-1900/Second Period: Garrison Mail” and scroll to Camp Waiakea). The troops in this garrison made a visit to see Kilauea Crater. The Waiakea garrison was closed on November 25.

Waimanu, Hamakua District
"bird water"
1884-1900
This valley just north of Waipio was served by an overland carrier.
No postmark recorded.

Waimea, South Kohala District
"reddish water"
1854-1900
Postmasters: Rev. Lorenzo Lyons (1854-1886), Mrs. Lucia G. Lyons (1886) and Miss E. W. Lyons (1886-1900). Parker Ranch was headquartered nearby and the town was also site of the mission run by Lorenzo Lyons. Numerals and Boston Engraved 5¢ stamps were sent there in 1859 and ten sheets of Scott No. 31a were sent in July, 1864. Mail volume in 1887 was about 8,400 letters and up to about 10,000 letters annually in 1888-1890. A decline followed to about 3,000 letters annually from 1890-1894. Stamp sales in 1899 were about $180.


Waimea location

Location of Waimea.
For overland route and map details see
Overland Mail Routes - Island of Hawaii Routes and Maps of Hawaii - Island of Hawaii.

803
manuscript
Waimea/date
Rarity: 1RRRR, 2 strikes are recorded
Noted on Scott No. 31

Waimea 803 __ - Dec 3 Twigg, Siegel 931, lot 4586

December 3, __, ex-Twigg-Smith
(Courtesy of Robert A. Siegel Auction Galleries)


Waimea 803 __ - Dec 3 Twigg, Siegel 931, lot 4586 retroreveal

December 3, __
(retroreveal enhanced)

807
manuscript
Waimea/H/date
Rarity: 1RRRR, five strikes are recorded, including two covers
Usage: October 2, 1867 to November 21, 1867
Noted on Scott No. 31

Waimea 807 67 - Nov 21

November 21, 1867


Waimea 807 67 - Nov 21 retroreveal

November 21, 1867
(retroreveal enhanced)

817
manuscript
Waimea/H/date on the cover but off the stamp
Rarity: 1RRRR, four strikes recorded
Usage: April 14, 1870 to May 1, 1872
Noted on Scott Nos. 31 and 35

Waimea 817 - 72 - May 1 entire

May 1, 1872


Waimea 817 72 - May 1

Detail of Waimea 817, May 1, 1872

813
manuscript
Waimea/date on the cover but off the stamp
Rarity: 1RRR, seven strikes recorded
Usage: July 17, 1872 to October 24, 1878
Noted on Scott Nos. 31 and 35

Waimea 813 77 - Feb 26

February 21, 1877


Waimea 813 77 - Ferb 21 detail

Detail of Waimea 813, February 21, 1877

281.01
29mm double lined outer circle and single lined inner circle
Color: Purple, Black, Blue
Estimated: 7
Usage: December __, 1883 to June 13, 1900
This rubber stamp was in use for an extraordinarily long time. Late strikes show considerable wear. I noted black from March 9, 1888 to June 15, 1888, blue in early 1899 and the other strikes are purple.

Waimea 281_01 84 - Nov 7

November 7, 1884, purple


Waimea 281_01 84 - Nov 7 retroreveal

November 7, 1884
(retroreveal enhanced)


Waimea 281_01 98 - Jul 6 Shaffer

July 6, 1898, black
(Courtesy of Jim Shaffer)


Waimea 281_01 99 - May 5 blue

May 5, 1899, worn device, blue

Waiohinu
"shiny water"
1865-1900
Postmasters: C. N. Spencer (1865-1866), W. T. Martin (1866), Nicholas George (1867), L. E. Swain (1867), W. Thomas Martin (1868-1869), N. C. Haley (1869-1871), H. Maincoke (1871-1874) and C. Meinecke (1874-1900). The former name of this post office was Ka'u and the name was changed in 1865, so a post office was located at Waiohinu from 1856 under one name or the other. During parts of 1866, the Hilo Postmaster had administrative authority over Waiohinu. Supplies of Scott No. 31a were sent in 1865 and Scott No. 32 was sent in 1866. The 2¢ stamps were used at the rate of about 40 sheets per year. Between 1887 and 1894, Waiohinu averaged about 2,700 letters per year. Stamp sales in 1899 were about $110. Fire destroyed the post office in 1886. Meinecke operated a general merchandise store but whether the entire store burned or only the post office is unclear. The post office was restored quickly.


Waiohinu location

Location of Waiohinu.
For overland route and map details see
Overland Mail Routes - Island of Hawaii Routes and Maps of Hawaii - Island of Hawaii.

802
manuscript
Waiohinu/P.O.
Rarity: 1RRRR, three strikes are recorded
Noted on Scott No. 31

Waiohinu ms (MH-802) on 31 6-3-18  cropped-new rotated

(Courtesy of Norb Wild)


Waiohinu ms (MH-802) on 31 6-3-18  cropped-new rotated retroreveal

(Courtesy of Norb Wild)
(retroreveal enhanced)

214
oval
Color: Blue
Rarity: 1RRRR, five strikes are recorded.
Usage: ________, 1877 to April 24, 1878

Waiohinu 214 78 - Apr 24

April 24, 1878

238.02
30mm single lined outer circle
Color: Black
Rarity: 1RR, nineteen strikes are recorded
Usage: December 24, 1879 to August 23, 1883

Waiohinu 238_02 80 - Sep 1

September 1, 1880

282.013
33mm double lined outer circle and single lined inner circle
Color: Purple
Scarcity: 2
Usage: May __, 1883 to July __, 1886

Waiohinu 282_013 86 - Jul _

July __, 1886


Waiohinu 282_013 86 - Jul _ retroreveal

July __, 1886
(retroreveal enhanced)

259.13
33mm double lined circle
Color: Purple
Estimated: 7
Usage: April 6, 1887 to June __, 1900
There may be a gap in usage from July, 1891 to December, 1892.

Waiohinu 259_13 92 - Aug 18

August 18, 1892


Waiohinu 259_13 92 - Aug 18 retroreveal

August 18, 1892
(retroreveal enhanced)

Waipio, Hamakua District
"curving water"
1869-1871; 1880-1886; 1893-1900
Postmasters: Joseph R. Mills (postal agent, 1869-1871), Halemanu (1871-1877), Joseph R. Mills (1877), W. H. Holmes (1880-1886), Mrs. Owanui (1893-1894) and Mrs. Ana Thomas (1894-1900). Early “postmasters” were agents appointed by the Hilo postmaster. Twice weekly mail deliveries were made into the valley from Paauhau in January, 1880 before a post office was opened in a dry goods store owned by Holmes later that year. When the office closed in 1886, a mail route from Kukuihaele was organized to Waimanu Valley via Waipo thrice monthly with J. W. Kapulolu as mail carrier. Mrs. Owanui was a "postal agent" there at least by 1893 and was recognized as postmaster in 1894.


Waipio Valley c. 1910-1

Waipio Valley, circa 1910, undated post card


Waipio 1900

Tending rice crops in Waipio Valley, c. 1900
(Courtesy Hawaii State Archives)


Waipio location

Location of Waipio.
For overland route and map details see
Overland Mail Routes - Island of Hawaii Routes and Maps of Hawaii - Island of Hawaii.

802
manuscript
Waipio/P O
Rarity: 1RR, fifteen strikes are recorded
Usage: September 14, 1869 to January 15, 1870
Noted on Scott No. 31
The usage period represents the proven dates; however, four or more hands wrote the manuscripts, suggesting a longer period of use.

Waipio 802 69 - Aug 21 Siegel 931, lot 4592A Twigg detail

August 21, 1869, ex-Twigg Smith
(Courtesy of Robert A. Siegel Auction Galleries)


Waipio 802 70 - Jan 15

January 15, 1870


Waipio 802 ms Wild

(Courtesy of Norbert Wild)


Waipio ms 802

804
manuscript
Waipio date/P O
Rarity: 1RRRR, one strike recorded
Usage: October 2, 1869
Noted on Scott No. 31 cover

Waipio 804 69 - Oct 2 Siegel 931, lot 4594Twigg detail

October 2, 1869, ex-Twigg-Smith
(Courtesy of R.A. Siegel Auction Galleries)

803
manuscript
Waipio/date
Rarity: 1RRRR, one strike recorded
Usage: c. 1869-1870
Noted on Scott No. 31

Waipio 803, ex-Golden

ex-Davey

801
manuscript
Waipio
Rarity: 1RRRR, three strikes recorded
Usage: circa 1885-1886
Noted on Scott No. 43

Waipio 801 43

282.016
32 mm double lined outer circle and single lined inner circle
Color: Purple
Rarity: 1RRRR, two strikes were reported to Burns but I have a record of just one.
Usage: June __, 1887 to September 9, 1887

Waipio 282_016 87 - Sept 9 detail

September 8, 1887


Waipio 282_016 detail Peters

September 8, 1887
(retroreveal enhanced)

255.01
29mm double lined circle
Color: Purple
Rarity: 1RR, fourteen strikes are recorded
Usage: January 28, 1897 to November 24, 1899

Waipio 255_01 99 - Aug 11

August 11, 1899


Waipio 255_01 99 - Aug 11 retroreveal

August 11, 1899
(retroreveal enhanced)

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