This page last updated: 10 July 2000


::: MAIL RATES - UPU Period :::

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Member Countries of the UPU when Hawaii joined on January 1, 1882 were: Aden, Antigua, Argentina, Austria-Hungary, Bahamas, Barbados, Belgium, Bermuda, Brazil, British Burma, British Colonies on Africa West Coast, British Guyana, British Honduras, British India and Hindoostan, British Virgin Islands, Ceylon, Chile, Columbia, Denmark and Iceland and Danish Colonies, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, Falkland Islands, France, French Colonies, Germany, Gibraltar, Great Britain including Malta, Greece including the Ionian Islands, Greenland, Grenada Island, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Hong Kong, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Labuan, Liberia, Luxembourg, Mauritius, Montenegro, Montserrat, Netherlands, Netherlands Colonies, Nevis, Newfoundland, Norway, Paraguay, Persia, Peru, Portugal including Madeira and Azores, Portuguese Colonies, Romania, Russia including Finland, Serbia, Seychelles Islands, Spain including Balearic and Canary Islands, Spanish Colonies, Spanish North Africa and Morocco, St. Christopher, St. Lucia, St. Vincent, Straits Settlements, Sweden, Switzerland, Tobago, Trinidad, Turkey, Turks Islands, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela and Zanzibar. Dates of entry are set out in Starnes, Charles J., United States Letter Rates To Foreign Destinations 1847 to GPU-UPU, rev. ed., 1989, pgs. 60-62.

Countries joining after Hawaii were: Nicaragua (May 1, 1882), Costa Rica (January 1, 1883), Siam (July 1, 1885), Bolivia (April 1, 1886), New Zealand and Australian Colonies (October 1, 1891), Natal (July 1, 1892), Cape Colony (February 1, 1895) and St. Helena and Ascension (October 1, 1896). Information is from Starnes, supra.


1882-1885
Destination Letters per oz. Postal Cards Registry Fee Papers 2 oz. Books/Printed Matter Samples
United States, Canada and Mexico 5 2 10 2 2 per 2 oz. 2 per 2 oz.
Japan, China (UPU ports), Singapore and Manila 10 2 10 2 2 per 2 oz. 2 per 2 oz.
Great Britain, France, Germany and all other UPU Countries and Colonies 10 3 10 3 3 per 2 oz 3 per 2 oz
Australia, New Zealand and Fiji or Samoa, via NZ mail direct 12 3 15 2 per 4 oz. 4 per 4 oz.

An additional 5 was charged for a return receipt on registered mail.

A minimum of 5 was charged on books and printed matter for the United States, Canada, Mexico, Japan, UPU ports in China, Singapore and Manila. A minimum of 6 was charged on books and printed matter for Europe and all other UPU countries or colonies.

For mail to other countries, the United States rate to those countries plus Hawaiian 6 per oz. on letters, 2 per ounce on papers and 1 per ounce on other matter.


1885-1893
Destination Letters per oz. Postal Cards Registry Fee Papers 2 oz. Books/Printed Matter Samples
United States, Canada and Mexico 5 2 10 2 2 per 2 oz. 2 per 2 oz.
Great Britain, France, Germany, Japan, UPU ports in China, Manila, Singapore and all other UPU countries 10 2 10 2 2 per 2 oz. 2 per 2 oz.
Australia, New Zealand and Fiji or Samoa, via NZ mail direct 12 3 15 2 per 4 oz. 4 per 4 oz.

Merchandise samples not to exceed 250 grams, or 8 oz. An additional 5 charged for a return receipt on registered mail. Mail to Asiatic UPU ports sent via Australasia mails charged at UPU rate.

For mail to other countries, the United States rate to those countries plus Hawaiian 6 per oz. on letters, 2 per ounce on papers and 1 per ounce on other matter.


1893-1900
Destination Letters per oz. Postal Cards Registry Fee Papers 2 oz. Books/Printed Matter/Photos Samples Other Matter
All countries in the UPU 5 2 10 2 (min. 5) 2 per 2 oz. * 2 per 2 oz.
Fiji and Samoa via NZ mail direct 10 3 15 2 per 4 oz. 4 per 4 oz.

Merchandise samples not to exceed 250 grams, or 8 oz., except United States, Great Britain, New Zealand and New South Wales, to which countries samples of merchandise not exceeding 350 grams (12 oz.) may be mailed.

The Parcel Post Convention between Hawaii and the United States permits packages not exceeding 11 pounds in weight being forwarded by mail at the rate of 12 per lb. or fraction thereof.

* Papers, Books and Photographs to the United States, Mexico, Canada and Australian Colonies 1 per 2 oz.

Fee for return receipt on registered mail, 5

Note: the rate to Australia and New Zealand changed, effective October 1, 1891, upon their entry into the UPU, after which UPU rates applied.


1898
Soldier Mail from August 12, 1898 letters at 2 per oz., prepaid or collect

A Parcel Post Convention was signed with the United States on December 19, 1888 and put into effect early in 1889. Charges for this service were:


1888 - 1896 Parcel Post Rate
Destination rate
United States 12 per pound
Canada 20 per pound
United Kingdom 25 per pound
Australia 25 per pound
Other destinations Inquire at the Post Office

Packages were limited to three feet six inches in length and six feet in girth and to 11 pounds of weight. Parcel post rates were payable in postage stamps of the country of origin.


1897 - 1900 Parcel Post Rate
Destination rate
United States 12 per pound
Canada 20 per pound
United Kingdom via Canada 24 per pound
Australia 25 per pound
New Zealand 16 1st lb.; 29 2nd lb.; 41 3rd lb.; 54 4th lb. and 66 5th lb.
Other destinations Inquire at the Post Office

Packages to the United States were limited to three feet six inches in length and six feet in girth and to 11 pounds of weight. Packages to Australia, New Zealand, Canada and Great Britain via Canada were limited to 5 pounds of weight, two feet in length and one foot in width or depth.

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